Paramilitary Assam Rifles: 183 Years of Glory and Sacrifice


Hello Militarygyan readers, India is under constant threat and faces a lot of challenges from external and internal threats which calls for a robust defence mechanism. The Indian Armed Force and the Central Armed Police Force(Indian Paramilitary forces) ensure the national security of India.

In this article we talk about CAPF(Central armed police force) many of us used Paramilitary force instead of CAPF. The Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) serve under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

paramilitary force assam rifles in republic parade by major khusbhoo
Historical: Daughter of bus conductor Major Khushboo leads all-woman Assam Rifles in republic day parade.

They mainly manage internal security threats and only aid in combating external threats when necessary. There are seven CAPF forces Indian has that guard india from their internal enemies.

But in this article you came to know about everything and facts about Indian’s paramilitary force i.e Assam Rifles. In Previous section we talk about CISF Ninja Commandos.

In an effort to protect the nation and its people, the Assam Rifles have mostly been vulnerable to the complexities of daily life with poor or living in miserable condition just to project our mother nation India .  In this article you came to know about amazing facts and historical background of paramilitary force Assam rifles.

Amazing facts about Paramilitary force Assam Rifles

• The force was raised mainly to guard the alluvial plains of Assam (Tea Field)  from the unruly tribes inhabiting the surrounding hill tracts.

• Assam rifles has 46 battalions serves under the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs and they perform many roles including the provision of internal security (seven sisters of Indian) under the control of the army through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations, provision of aid to the civil power in times of emergency/natural calamity, and the provision of communications for connection, medical assistance to needy and education in remote areas of all east Indian States.

assam rifles conduction medical camp in assam state news
Medical Camp By Assam Rifles

•In times of war they can also be used as a combat force to secure rear areas if needed. Since 2002 it has been guarding the Indo–Myanmar barrier as per the government policy “one border one force”.

•The present day Assam Rifles can trace its origins back to a paramilitary force known as Cachar Levy which was established by the British in 1835 in the Assam region just to protect their tea fields with 750 mens.

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•The Assam Rifles boast of being the oldest paramilitary force. With approximately seven hundred and fifty men, this force was formed as a police unit to protect settlements against tribal raids and other assaults as British rule slowly moved towards the north east parts of India.

CAPF assam rifles in duty assam news
Assam rifles on Duty as a Police

•Despite problems with equipment and training, and the wheather condition of hills area the contribution of Assam Rifles in opening the region to administration and commerce was nevertheless quite significant and over time they have become known as the “right arm of the civil and [the] left arm of the military” in the region.

•Over the course of its history, the Assam Rifles and its predecessor units have served in a number of roles, Participate in both world war in 1st world war they served in Europe and the Middle East, while in  2nd  World War they served mainly in Burma areas.

• During World War I, men from what was then known as the Assam Military Police were part of the Indian forces that fought in Europe and the Middle East.

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•Over three thousand men from the force were provided to the Gorkha regiments of the Indian Army in this time, earning seventy-six gallantry awards during the conflict including seven Indian Order of Merit awards and five Indian Distinguished Service Medals.

Assam rifles performing republic day parade in delhi
The Assam Rifles in Republic Day Parade 2015

• These men performed with such distinction that the name Assam Rifles was assigned in 1917 as recognition of their part in the war.

• During World War II, the role of the Assam Rifles evolved once more as they were called upon to undertake even more varied tasks due to their status as both a police and military organisation.

•Following the end of the war the five Assam Rifles battalions became part of the civil police under the Assam Inspector General of Police.

• After 1950, the Indian government assigned the Assam Rifles its own Director General.  As the numbers of the force and the number of battalions gradually increased, the rank of the force commander was also upgraded until now it is that of Lieutenant General.

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Currently Lt Gen Sukhdeep Sangwan, is the 20th Director General of Assam Rifles (2019) . He was commissioned into RAJPUTANA RIFLES in 1982 and has served in various command, staff and instructional assignments.

Assam Rifles Motto :

• Their Motto is – “Friends of the Hill People & Sentinels of the North East”

Official website of  Assam Rifles: Follow the Official Twitter account of Assam Rifles: Twitter Follow the Official facebook account of Assam Rifles: Facebook

Assam Rifles Tralier Video

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